Adding validation to your form's fields can greatly improve the accuracy of the data being collected. It helps to prevent data capture errors by checking the captured response against rules that you have specified. When a response is entered that does not meet the validation constraints of the field, a warning will show on the handset screen and the fieldworker will be prevented from continuing with the form.


Depending on the field type, you can add one or more of the following validation constraints:


Constraint
Field type applicable to
equal to, not equal to
Text, Number, Date
greater than, less than, greater than or equal to, less than or equal to
Number, Date


You can add, remove or edit validation rules at any time.


An icon on the right of the field name indicates whether validation has been added to this field (green) or not (grey). Clicking on this icon takes you to the relevant tab so that you can add, view or edit your validation rules. 

 




Adding validation to a field


Click on the field you want to add validation to. In the 'Validation' tab, click on 'Configure validation rules' (only if you haven't specified any validation rules yet). 




Choose whether responses will be valid if any one of the conditions is met, or only if all the conditions are met (1). Choose from certain comparison operators (2) (based on the field type). Finally, enter a value (3) for the condition. This can be a static value or a field reference or a function




In the example above, a response to the field 'agewill only be accepted if it is greater than or equal to 18.


By default, the error message for an invalid response will read "Value not allowed ". An optional custom validation message (4) can be added. This is useful for giving fieldworkers/respondents feedback on why the response is invalid. 


Hint: Test your validation rules by using the 'Previewbutton on the far right in your top toolbar.  




You can add as many validation rules to a field as required. You can also easily remove a validation rule by selecting the bin icon to the right of the rule, or remove all validation rules by selecting 'Remove all' below them.

 



For more advanced validation, read here